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UFOP: GHG-efficiency competition reduces biofuel demand in Germany


The Union zur Förderung von Oel- und Proteinpflanzen e.V. (UFOP) is taking the evaluation and experience report 2022 recently published by the German Federal Office for Agriculture and Food (BLE) as an opportunity to point out the effect of the gradual increase in the greenhouse-gas (GHG) reduction obligation enshrined in the GHG Quota Act, which will rise from the current 9.25 percent to 25 percent in 2030.

 



The BLE report once again confirms the efficiency competition of certified GHG reduction for biofuels.

 



At around 1.6 million metric tons, the share of biofuels from waste oils and residues that were counted towards the GHG-quota obligation was around 60 percent of domestic consumption.

 



At 0.6 million tons, the share of biofuel from rapeseed oil remained unchanged compared to 2021, while the share of biofuels from palm oil fell from 0.76 million tons to around 0.25 million tons.

 



Total sales for quota crediting remained virtually unchanged at around 2.7 million tons, with the quota obligation increasing from 6 percent to 7 percent.

 



UFOP attributes this development to the different emission savings of the raw materials used.

 



The BLE report shows a GHG reduction of around 91 percent for biofuels from waste and 81 percent for rapeseed oil.

 



Another reason is the legal regulation that, from 2023, biofuels from palm oil can no longer be counted towards the national GHG-quota obligation.

 



The displacement effect of waste oil-based biofuels in turn means that biofuel quantities produced in Germany from rapeseed oil have to be exported.

 



Germany exported around 2.34 million tons in 2022 (2021: 2.10 million tons) and imported 1.34 million tons (2021: 1.04 million tons).

 



For the 2023 quota year, UFOP expects sales to remain unchanged at 2.7 million tons with an increased GHG-reduction commitment of 8 percent.

 



With a view to the EU Commission’s Union database created in January 2024, UFOP expects similar transparent reporting for all member states.

 



In contrast to the national database “Nabisy,” all companies in the supply chain must register here, starting at the level of the collection trade or the collector of waste oils.

 



This process is currently taking place and poses major challenges for the companies affected for the first time, especially as the EU Commission has commissioned the creation of the database and training as a service.

 



“It is incomprehensible that the EU Commission is not carrying out these sovereign tasks itself,” UFOP stated. “UFOP is therefore calling for the BLE database Nabisy to be retained at the same time.”

 



The BLE Report 2022 (German) is available here.

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